Cape Town is a port city on South Africa’s southwest coast, on a peninsula beneath the imposing Table Mountain. Slowly rotating cable cars climb to the mountain’s flat top, from which there are sweeping views of the city, the busy harbor and boats heading for Robben Island, the notorious prison that once held Nelson Mandela, which is now a living museum.
Africa is the second-largest continent after Asia. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea (north), the Atlantic Ocean (west), the Indian Ocean (southeast) and both the Suez and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula. Africa straddles the equator and has many climatic areas: It is the only continent to stretch from northern temperate to southern temperate zones.